Vermicomposting is a process of composting that uses earthworms to break down organic materials like cow or buffalo dung (gobar) into organic fertilizer popularly known as vermicompost. Earthworms like Eisenia fetida are quite efficient at composting biodegradable materials, and they do so without producing the unpleasant odors that often accompany compost piles. They also produce castings–their natural fertilizer for your garden. This rich mixture, vermicompost, is then used to fertilize house plants or fruit trees, crops, etc. among other things. This process does take a little more time, but it can result in much higher yields. There are many benefits to doing this, including the release of beneficial bacteria and enzymes, which can help control plant diseases.
We must stop using chemical fertilizers and herbicides because this is the main reason behind serious long time, life-threatening diseases. The use of chemical fertilizers also results in the loss of the original taste of vegetables and fruits. If we want to go ahead with organic farming then the use of vermicompost or any other natural fertilizer is a must and hence vermicomposting is the first step if you want to go ahead with organic farming.
Vermicomposting can be done from your home if you have significant space or you can start from your farms as well if you want to do this professionally and have plans to sell the vermicompost to farmers.
Process of vermicomposting involves:
1. Setting up the beds: This involves choosing the right direction for the beds so that airflow is in the proper direction, water passage (naali) creation, etc. so that you get the best results at the end. We put a polythene sheet at the bottom so that earthworms stop working when they reach that level.
2. Cool down the cow/buffalo dung (gobar) on those beds to ensure the beds don’t release the methane gas which can kill earthworms!
3. Putting Earthworms on the beds: Once the dung (gobar) is ready, we need to release earthworms on the beds. Ideally, for the area of 4 ft * 1ft we release 1KG of earthworms, Eisenia fetida.
4. Covering the beds with mulching material (parali): Once the earthworms are released, we spray some water and then cover the bed with mulching material (parali). Parali is the lower part of the paddy crop which is left. after harvesting the upper part of the crop, which is not of any use for the farmers. We need to cover beds with this as earthworms don’t like sunlight and they live in dark only.
5. Regular watering of the bed: Once the bed is ready, we need to spray water in those beds continuously for 30-35 days to ensure the beds are not heated up. We need to monitor the temperature of the beds. If it’s hot anywhere then we might need to water it even twice a day usually in summers.
6. Extracting the first layer after 40 days: After 30-35 days, we stop watering the beds and wait for 8-10 days to extract the first layer of vermicompost.
It’s recommended to start your first cycle of vermicomposting to start with an expert consultant like us or anyone who can help you in every step because it’s the first step which is important and later on you can repeat the same in successive cycles.
If you have any questions or concerns, please feel free to drop an email to email@example.com or contact us on Whatsapp at +919316295399 and our team will support you as much as we can.
Thanks for showing interest in vermicomposting as this is the first step for healthy India, Organic India.